An Abhidharma text written by Vasubandhu before he converted to Mahanyana Buddhism. The name of the text literally means the strorehouse. Abhidhamma is the Higher Teaching of the Buddha, some- times referred to as the ultimate teaching (paramattha desanà). In it, man is described as a. The Sanskrit term abhidharma seems to derive from the expression “concerning ( abhi) the teaching(s) (Skt., dharma, Pali, dhamma).” For the.
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The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to abhidgarma here: These various forms of concentration aim at pacifying the mind and reducing the strength of emotional afflictions and suffering.
All emails will be sent by Exotic India using the email address info exoticindia. The theory is not separate from the dhamma taxonomy and the analysis of citta as previously outlined in section 2. Various scholars have argued that this system reflects a dynamic conception of dharmas: The Abhidharma attempts to individuate and determine the unique identity of each dharma yield complex intersecting taxonomies of dharmas organized by multiple criteria or sets of qualities.
Before a dhamma eventuates it does not yet obtain an intrinsic nature and when it ceases it is denuded of this intrinsic nature. And in both the mind-door and five-sense door processes, when the retaining function ceases, the mind reenters its inactive mode.
The literal translation of the term Abhidharma is unclear.
Traditionally, Theravada Buddhists have held that the Abhidharma was not a later addition to the tradition, but rather represented the first, original understanding of the teachings by the Buddha.
The first four points concern that which is conditioned, impure or contaminated by suffering Kosja The process of institutionalization undergone by Buddhist thought at the time and the spread of the Buddhist community across the Indian subcontinent coincided with a transition from oral to written methods of textual transmission and with the rise of monastic debates concerning abhidhaarma doctrine among the various Buddhist schools.
I highly recommend others to use this site. Karmic formations based on past karma determine our future karma. Abhidharmakosha is a complete and systematic account of the Abhidharmaand is the peak of scholarship in the Fundamental Vehicle. The stages of purification will now be described. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.
Mental obscurations arise from habitual tendencies and create karma and new latent tendencies. Retrieved from ” http: Lists were clearly powerful mnemonic devices, and their prevalence in early Buddhist literature can be explained partly as a consequence of its being composed and for some centuries preserved orally.
People who have attained these different states are liberated from samsara.
On the other hand, the systematic analysis of experience in terms of momentary dharmas required the Abhidharma to provide a rigorous account of the processes that govern psychological and physical continuity. Hide my email address. One primary controversy centered on the principle of impermanence: These methods lead to the cessation of strong emotions.
Chapters 1 and 2 give a general explanation about samsara and nirvana. Their purpose was to provide systematic accounts of the nature and means of valid cognition.
Abhidharma (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
These have all been published in romanized Pali by the Pali Text Society, and most have been translated into English as well. The best known such texts are the Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosa and the Abhidhammatthasangaha of Anuruddha. In both the mind-door and five-sense door processes, the sense faculty and its sense object condition the arising of a present moment of a corresponding apprehending consciousness, that is, perception here is modeled on simultaneous conditioning.
The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:.
Treasury of Abhidharma – Rigpa Wiki
The post-canonical Abhidharma thus assimilates the concept of the particular inherent characteristic with that of intrinsic nature. Even the handful dharmas that kosba categorized as unconditioned that is, having no cause and no effect are shown to be not-self. Only in the final stage of abhidbarma consciousness process, when the abhdiharma has chosen to respond actively to its object in some way, actively present wholesome or unwholesome consciousness operates and constitutes karma that will bear future results.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is expressed through different kinds of knowledge and specific abilities until the practitioner reaches the state of an arhat.
The Abhidharma abhidhaema, then, occasioned among Buddhist circles doctrinal controversies that could be termed ontological around such issues as what the nature of a dharma is; what, in the internal constitution of a dharmamakes it the very particular it is; the manner of existence of dharmas; the dynamics of their causal interaction; and the nature of the reality they constitute.
Now that the origin and nature of samsara’s suffering have been identified, and its causes and effects have been understood, all that is aghidharma to do is learn how to leave it all aabhidharma. The Abhidharmakosha and the auto-commentary were translated into Chinese, both by Paramartha 6th century and Xuanzang 7th centuryand into Tibetan by Kawa Paltsek and the Indian pandita Jinamitra 8th century. They are an introduction to understanding how samsara functions.
The Buddha himself expressed it through these words: The Abhidhamma Pitaka is the third pitaka, or basket, of the Tipitaka Sanskrit: This chapter also describes how worlds are formed through the elements and the different ways beings can be reborn through birth from a womb, an egg or other channels.
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The Eight Chapters of the Abhidharmakosha
Despite their different interpretations of the concept of momentariness, the early Buddhist schools all derived this concept from the analysis of impermanence in terms of the dynamics of dharmas qua physical and mental events. Rather, in congruency with the notion of existence whether categorial or ontological as functioning, it abhudharma sensory perception as resulting from particular functions that are performed by the eighty-nine citta types revealed by the foregoing taxonomy.
Each assemblage is conscious of just one object, arises for a brief instant and then falls away, followed by another citta combination that picks up a different object by means of its particular associated mental factors. These three realms in which beings live are named “the outer world” whereas the beings inhabited it are called “the inner world”. This is evidenced in two characteristics of the genre that can be traced to earlier Buddhist literature.