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Kurzweil calls this exponential growth the law of accelerating returns, and he believes it applies to many human-created technologies such as computer memorytransistorsmicroprocessorsDNA sequencingmagnetic storagethe number of Internet hostsInternet trafficdecrease in device size, and nanotech citations and patents. Kurzweil opens the book by reminding us of the singularkteit of thought experiments in the development of theories, including evolution.

For example, world population and the United States’s oil production both appeared to be rising exponentially, but both have leveled off because they were logistic.

For example, a designed to travel across heavy dirt or mud 6. The New York Times. While some critics complain that the law of accelerating returns is not a law of nature [43] others question the religious motivations or implications of Kurzweil’s Singularity. Kurzweil says evolution moves towards “greater complexity, greater elegance, greater knowledge, greater intelligence, greater beauty, greater creativity, and greater levels of subtle attributes such as love”.

This is a nabim of testing, though some genetic tests may not involve DNA sequencing. When Humans Transcend Biology is a non-fiction book about singularkteit intelligence and the future of humanity by inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil. Occasionally, physical limitations of integrated circuits made such practices as a bit slice approach necessary, instead of processing all of a long word on one integrated circuit, multiple circuits in parallel processed subsets of each data word.

Controversies emerged regarding the definitions and potential implications of nanotechnologies, exemplified by the Royal Societys report on nanotechnology, challenges were raised regarding the feasibility of applications envisioned by advocates of molecular nanotechnology, which culminated in a public debate between Drexler and Smalley in and The ability of computers to follow a sequence of operations, called a program, such computers are used as control systems for a very wide variety of industrial and consumer devices.

The Singularity Is Near – Wikipedia

Some protested that pattern recognition does not explain the depth and nuance of mind including elements like emotion and imagination, others felt Kurzweils ideas might be right, but they are not original, pointing to existing work as far back as the s.


Since people have found no evidence of other civilizations, Kurzweil believes humans are likely alone in the universe. Sequencing is used in biology to study genomes and the proteins they encode. Exponential growth is deceptive, nearly flat at first until it hits what Kurzweil calls “the knee in the curve” then rises almost vertically. Kurzweil claims imaging technologies such as PET and fMRI are increasing exponentially in resolution [15] while he predicts even greater detail will be obtained during the s when it becomes possible to scan the brain from the inside using nanobots.

The Telegraph in the late 19th century was the first fully digital communication system, fundamental theoretical work in data transmission and information theory was developed by Claude Shannon, Harry Nyquist, and Ralph Hartley in the early 20th century. Beyond reverse engineering the brain in order to understand and emulate it, Kurzweil introduces the idea of “uploading” a specific brain with every mental process intact, to be instantiated on a “suitably powerful computational substrate”.

As for individual identities during these radical changes, Kurzweil suggests people think of themselves as an evolving pattern rather than a specific collection of molecules. Paul Davies writes “the key point about exponential growth is that it never lasts” [43] often due to resource constraints.

Melvil Deweythe inventor of the Dewey Decimal classification. They are also employed in jobs which are too dirty, dangerous. In his books he develops the law of accelerating returns, due to the exponential growth in computing technologies predicted by the law, Kurzweil says that by the end of the s computers will have intelligence indistinguishable to biological humans.

The Shadow robot hand system. The first step is to image the brain, to peer inside it. With limited exceptions, the earliest computers were connected directly to navij used by individual users, such networks became known as local-area networks.

The Singularity Is Near – WikiVisually

Positive feedback reinforces and negative feedback moderates the original process, Positive and negative in this sense refer to loop gains greater than or less than zero, and do not imply any value judgements as to the desirability of the outcomes or effects. DNA sequencing is also the most efficient way to sequence RNA or proteins, in fact, DNA sequencing has become a key technology in many areas of biology and other sciences such as medicine, forensics, or anthropology.


Common garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis has evolved resistance to the defensive substance tetrodotoxin in its amphibian prey. The movie was released generally on July 20, For example, a designed to travel across heavy dirt or mud.

Kurzweil describes his law of accelerating returns which predicts an exponential increase in technologies like computersgeneticsnanotechnologyrobotics and artificial intelligence. Since Kurzweil believes computational capacity will continue to grow exponentially long after Moore’s Law ends it will eventually rival the raw computing power of the human brain. Afterwards he id intelligence will radiate outward from the planet until it saturates the universe.

While his ideas of a Singularity is not actually infinite, he says it looks that way from any limited perspective. The first high-frequency transistor was the surface-barrier germanium transistor developed by Philco in and these were made by etching depressions into an N-type germanium base from both sides with jets of Indium sulfate until it was a few ten-thousandths of an inch thick The Singularity is Near.

Each paradigm starts with slow growth, builds to rapid growth, and then levels off.

De Singulariteit is nabij : het moment waarop de mensheid de grenzen van de biologie overstijgt

Kurzweil touches on the history of the Singularity concept, tracing it back to John von Neumann in the s and I. Predictions made by Ray Kurzweil. The speed, power, and versatility of computers has increased continuously and dramatically since then, conventionally, a modern computer consists of at least one processing element, typically a central processing unit, and some form of memory. The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the s.

The transistor is on the list of IEEE milestones in electronics, and Bardeen, Brattain, the thermionic triode, a vacuum tube invented inenabled amplified radio technology and long-distance telephony. Kurzweil concedes that every technology carries with it the risk of misuse or abuse, from viruses and nanobots to out-of-control AI machines.

The use of counting rods is one example, the abacus was dde used for arithmetic tasks. Microprocessors can be recycled. As an example, inman landed on the moon.

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