DEVELOPMENTAL SEQUENCE IN SMALL GROUPS1 BRUCE W. TUCKMAN Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. 50 articles dealing with. Bruce Tuckman developed a model of group development which is among the most viewed management models on The Management. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Development Sequence in Small Groups Our results are in line with theories of team formation/maturation (Tuckman.

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Tolerance of each team member and their differences should be emphasized; without tolerance and patience the team will fail.

Tuckman’s stages of group development – Wikipedia

Team members are usually on their best behavior but very focused on themselves. Retrieved 2 December Surgical ScienceVol. Sometimes participants question the actions or decision of the leader as the expedition grows ssquence The forming—storming—norming—performing model of group development was first proposed by Bruce Tuckman in[1] who mentioned that these phases are all necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face up to challenges, to tackle problems, to groupps solutions, to plan work, and to deliver results.

Members attempt to become oriented to the tasks as well as to one another. Then he had a communication challenge and difficulty in theatre. He observed and demonstrated different roles of a leader according to needs of his team. This should be achieved by regularly taking part in activities that maintain and further develop competence and performance. Teaming model Forming The team meets and learns about the opportunities and challenges, and then agrees on goals and begins to tackle the tasks.


Mature team members begin to model appropriate behavior even at this early phase. InTuckman, jointly with Mary Ann Jensen, added a fifth stage to the four stages: The team members will therefore resolve their differences and members will be able to participate with one another more comfortably.


He would like to share three recent activities from his curriculum vitae which resulted in his significant personal and professional development. Subsequently, the author had a chance to critically analyse below mentioned three different activities, in order to explore all the achieved learning themes behind these events. This is then followed by a Performing phase that leads to a new performance level which they call the Reforming phase. When the group members start to work with each other they start to learn about individual working styles and what it is like to work with each other as a team, it also identifies different hierarchy of status of positions in the group.

Tuckman’s stages of group development

Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participating. Supervisors of the team during this phase may be more accessible, but tend to remain directive in their guidance of decision-making and professional behaviour.

Normally tension, struggle and sometimes arguments occur. Scientific Research An Academic Publisher.

tuckmwn Tolerance of each team member and their differences should be emphasized; without tolerance and patience the team will fail. The author was fortunate enough to be involved into three different personal and professional development programmes.


He also learnt about different leadership theories and models. Timothy Biggs suggested that an additional stage be added of Norming after Forming and renaming the traditional Norming stage Re-Norming. They accept others as they are and make an effort to move on. Norming “Resolved disagreements and personality clashes result in greater intimacy, and a spirit of co-operation emerges [6] “.

According to General medical council, it is a responsibility of every doctor to be competent and up to date. This puts the emphasis back on the team and leader as the Storming stage must be actively engaged in order to succeed — too many ‘diplomats’ or ‘peacemakers’ especially in a leadership role may prevent the team from reaching their full potential.

The author also had his revalidation last year and found to be fit to practice for next 5 years till next revalidation.

He was able to resolve that issue with his strong communication skills. They start tolerating the whims and fancies of the other team members. He also acquired a good understanding of a team development. This addition is designed to reflect that there is a period after Forming where the performance of a team gradually improves and the interference of a leader content with that level of performance will prevent a team progressing through the Storming stage to true performance.

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