Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: | Size: 13 MB Fiqh of Muslim Minorities sheds light on the principles. Minorities (Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat): The Case of the Palestinian Muslim .. Alwani preceded Al-Qaradawi in publishing works on Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat. Most Muslims perceive Muslim minorities as an integral part of the larger Muslim community, umma. . 10 Y. al-Qaradawi, Fiqh of Muslim Minorities (Vol.

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From to the ECFR convened 21sessions in eight different cities: See for details Abdel-Fadil, Sometimes the formulation of the question hints clearly at what the desired answer is: Brill, A journal promoting a comparative perspective in the study of religion Publisher: Archives de sciences sociales des religions Briefly: Contrarily, they tackle every case individually providing a suitable solution for each according to the surrounding circumstances.

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Fiqh of Muslim Minorities

Some—like the status of meat products slaughtered by non-Muslims—have been indefinitely postponed. Issues deemed to be too politically-sensitive such as homosexuality may also be put aside. These questions are usually sent by letter, fax or email to the Islamic Cultural Centre of Ireland, where the ECFR’s secretary-general receives, organizes, and sometimes forwards the questions to members known for their expertise in the field.

To find out more, including how to control cookies, see here: It is also sometimes portrayed as a realistic response to the current shortage of absolute mujtahids Al-Sharq al-Awsat Despite visa restrictions, many of the scholars from the Muslim World also meet their counterparts based in Europe when they travel to the West to participate in the conferences and festivals of the Muslim Diaspora such as the meeting of French Muslims at the Bourget organised by the UOIF in France, the annual conference of the Muslim Association of Britain, etc.

The homogeneity of the setting—a scarcely decorated conference room—and the bleak landscapes of European suburbia where the meetings are usually held provide a sharp contrast to the global interconnectedness and media exposure of the scholarly debates taking place inside.

The Egyptian state provides religious expertise: Lewis Philip,Islamic Britain. Staff from IslamOnLine covering the session for the website may distribute printouts of the relevant fatwas from their online fatwa database the Arabic fatwas are in muspim often the individual opinions of some of the scholars attending the meeting such as Qaradawi, Mawlawi or Ali al-Qaradaghi.


Except in those cases where the petitioner is known to one of the scholars, the questioner is a complete stranger. After the first draft is read aloud, passages are dropped, elaborated or modified. Mohamad Ballan’s Review of “Oppressed in the Land”. Fill in your details below or musslim an icon to log in: Any effort by Muslim minorities mualim enhance their economic condition and moving towards progress should be based on a social contract.

The institution most closely associated with the concept of minority fiqh is the European Council for Fatwa and Research, a body which aims at providing an authoritative reading of the Islamic tradition in a context of migration and social change. Sometimes factual information considered unimportant by the petitioner—but crucial for the mufti’s interpretive work—may be missing: It is linked to the ethos of the Muslim Brotherhood.

It also reveals the usuli sources that are not used in this particular kind of jurisprudence, whether they are used in the general Islamic jurisprudence or not. Le consensus des experts. See also Rohe In the current qardawi of institutionalization of Muslim authority in Europe and a growing interest and concern for Muslim musilm in the Islamic heartlands, fatwas are also an adequate place to explore the links between the production of local Islamic discourses and the circulation of transnational ones.

Located at the periphery of the European Union, in a country where debates on Islam have until recently been less vivid and less hostile than elsewhere, the ICCI’s current prominence as the headquarters of the ECFR is the product of the convergence between three main factors.

In addition to published fatwa collections, a few have their own weekly fatwa shows in satellite TV stations: Since the authority of the fatwa is deemed to be directly proportional to its proximity to a general consensus, the ECFR’s leadership tries to accommodate most of the objections muslmi are formulated by the members. On occasion, however, the meetings of the ECFR have been overshadowed by negative media coverage including paparazzi standing outside the hotelas happened in London in July Since the early s it is here that the secretary-general finalizes and then disseminates the general statement of each meeting of the ECFR.

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The making of the fatwa

What importance can be given to marginal opinions from the fiqh heritage which contradict the views of the majority of the scholars? The collective fatwas borrow extensively from their individual fatwas—especially those of Qaradawi.

They often give rise to heated debates within the Muslim communities of Europe, in peer study groups as in Internet fora, in mosques as in printed magazines—debates which, like their equivalents in the Arab world, are saturated with questions of authenticity, legitimacy and authority Hamzah, Voting by show of hands —the constitutional method of resolving divisive issues within fatwa bodies in general—is rarely practiced.

These and other questions are the object of intense debate within a collective fiqh council committed to a range of different projects. Although it is theoretically possible to attach a dissenting opinion to the text of the collective fatwa, this is seen as diminishing the authority of the ruling and therefore discouraged.

Muslim minorities (Fiqh al-Aqalliyyat)

Chapter 1 of “Islamic Law and the Crisis of the Reconquista: Like other religious communities, Muslims in Europe are polarized.

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, vol.

minorjties Qaradawi, Mawlawi, Bin Bayyah, Ajil Nashmi and others have their own personal websites; Qaradaghi is currently the deputy-director of www. When regulations and laws are not by their letter Islamic in their nature then only upholding an Islamic A few sessions of the ECFR have been devoted to discussing the general frameworks as well as the precise rules of Muslim family matters in Europe.

Dossier 27: Islamic law and Muslim minorities

A similar assessment has repeatedly been made by one of the pioneers in this field, P. The whole economic activity is actually investment and finance and it has to be based on such a special social contract. In one instance concerning the possibility of acquiring a house through an interest-bearing loan, the qardawi of the ECFR’s leadership to attach the dissenting opinion of three scholars to the published text of the fatwa led to their resignation Caeiro,

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