EL MODELO DE LA TEORIA: CODIFICACION/DECODIFICACION Y OSTENCION/INFERENCIA. TEORIA DE LA RELEVANCIA. Our book Relevance (Sperber and Wilson ) treats utterance interpretation as a two-phase process: a modular decoding phase is seen as providing input to. Wilks, Y. () “Comments on Sperber and Wilson’s paper.” In: Mutual Bonilla , S. () “Información y relevancia. ) Tópicos em teoria da relevância.
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Relevance theory is framework for understanding utterance interpretation first proposed by Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson and used within cognitive linguistics and pragmatics. It was originally inspired by the work of H. Paul Grice and developed out of his ideas, but has since become a pragmatic framework in its own right.
There are two ways to conceive of how thoughts are communicated from one person to another.
Copy of Teoría de la relevancia de Sperber y Wilson by miguel aliaga on Prezi
This can be visualized as follows:. This is usually referred to as the code model  or the conduit metaphor  of communication.
Human communication however, is almost never this simple. Context almost always plays a part in communication as do other factors such as the relevanci intentions, the relationship between the sender and receiver and so forth. In this conceptual model, the author takes into account the context of the communication and the mutual cognitive environment between the author and the audience.
They then say just enough to communicate what they intend — relying on the audience to fill in the details that they did not explicitly communicate. Sperber and Wilson’s theory begins with some watershed assumptions that are typical of pragmatic theories.
Namely, it argues that all utterances are encountered in some context and that utterances convey a number of implicatures. In addition, they posit the notion of manifestnesswhich is when something is grasped either consciously or unconsciously by a person. They further note that it will be relevacia to people who are engaged in inferential communication that each other have the notion of relevance in their minds. This will cause each person engaged in relevancka interaction to arrive at the presumption of relevancewhich is the notion that a implicit messages are relevant enough to be worth bothering to process, and b the speaker will be as economical as they possibly can be in communicating it.
The core of the theory is the “communicative principle of relevance”, which states that by the act of making an utterance the speaker is conveying that what they have said is worth listening to, i.
For Sperber and Wilson, relevance is conceived as relative or subjective, as it depends upon the state of knowledge of a hearer when they encounter an utterance.
However, they are quick to note that their theory does not attempt to exhaustively define the concept of “relevance” in everyday use, but tries to show an interesting and important sperger of human communication, in particular ostensive-inferential communication. Relevance theory’s central insights are formalized in the following two-part principle, the Presumption of Optimal Relevance see Postface to Sperber and Wilsonp.
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Relevance Theory Online Bibliographic Service
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